Hardy, Godfrey (Harold)
Mathematician, born in Cranleigh, Surrey, SE England, UK. He studied at Cambridge, was professor of geometry at Oxford (1919--30), then returned to Cambridge as professor of pure maths (1931--42). He was an internationally important figure in mathematical analysis, collaborating with John Littlewood in much of his work in analytic number theory. He was greatly influenced by the work of Srinivasa Ramanujan. His mathematical philosophy was described for the layman in his book A Mathematician's Apology (1940). In his one venture into applied maths he developed (concurrently with, but independent of, Wilhelm Weinberg) the Hardy--Weinberg law fundamental to population genetics.