Noether, (Amalie) Emmy[noeter]
Mathematician, born in Erlangen, Germany. She studied at Erlangen and Göttingen. Though invited to Göttingen in 1915 by David Hilbert, as a woman she could not hold a full academic post at that time, but worked there in a semi-honorary capacity until she emigrated to the USA in 1933 to Bryn Mawr and Princeton. One of the leading figures in the development of abstract algebra, the theory of Noetherian rings has been an important subject of later research.