Dictionary and Language Portal
Online Dictionary
Allmath Homepage
Math Tools
Flash Cards!!!
Metric Converter
The Magic Square
Reference Pages
Math Glossary
Math Headlines
Multiplication Table
Metric Factors
Biographies of Math
Other Math Links
Ask The Experts
Visit Dr. Math
Visit our Dictionary
About allmath.com
Who are We?
Contact Us

Russell, Bertrand (Arthur William) Russell, 3rd Earl


Philosopher, mathematician, prolific writer and controversial public figure, born in Trelleck, Monmouthshire. He studied at Cambridge, where he became a fellow of Trinity College in 1895. His most original contributions to mathematical logic and philosophy belong to the period before World War 1, as in Principles of Mathematics (1903), which argued that the whole of mathematics could be derived from logic, and the monumental Principia mathematica (with Whitehead, 1910--13), which worked this out in a complete formal system. Russell's famous "theory of types' and "theory of descriptions' belong to this same period. Politics became his dominant concern during the War, and his active pacifism caused the loss of his Trinity fellowship in 1916 and his imprisonment in 1918, during which he wrote his Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy (1919). He then made his living by lecturing and journalism, and became a celebrated controversialist. He visited the Soviet Union, where he met Lenin, Trotsky, and Gorky; he also taught in Beijing (1920--1). In 1927, with his second wife, Dora, he founded and ran a progressive school near Petersfield. In 1931 he succeeded his elder brother as 3rd Earl Russell. His second divorce (1934) and re-marriage (1936) helped to make controversial his book Marriage and Morals (1932); and his lectureship at City College, New York was terminated in 1940 after complaints that he was an "enemy of religion and morality'. The rise of fascism led him to renounce his pacifism in 1939; his fellowship at Trinity was restored in 1944, and he returned to England after World War 2 to be honoured with an Order of Merit, and to give the first BBC Reith Lectures in 1949. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. He had meanwhile continued publishing important philosophical work, mainly in epistemology, and in 1945 published the best-selling History of Western Philosophy. He also wrote a stream of provocative, popular works on social, moral, and religious questions, such as Why I am not a Christian (1957). After 1949 he became a leading figure in the cause of nuclear disarmament, and in 1961 was again imprisoned after a demonstration in Whitehall. The last major publications were his three volumes of Autobiography (1967--9).

Major Works

Mathematics and logic
1903 Principles of Mathematics
1910--13 Principia mathematica (with A N Whitehead)
1900 A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz
1910 Philosophical Essays
1911 The Problems of Philosophy
1914 Our Knowledge of the External World
1916 The Philosophy of Pacifism
1919 Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
1921 The Analysis of Mind
1927 The Analysis of Matter
1927 An Outline of Philosophy
1930 The Conquest of Happiness
1940 An Enquiry into Meaning and Truth
1945 History of Western Philosophy
1948 Human Knowledge, It's Scope and Limits
1957 Why I am Not a Christian
1959 My Philosophical Development
1961 Has Man a Future?
Social and political subjects
1896 German Social Democracy
1916 Principles of Social Reconstruction
1918 Roads to Freedom
1920 The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism
1926 On Education
1929 Marriage and Morals
1932 Education and the Social Order
1934 Freedom and Organization, 1814--1914
1938 Power: A New Social Analysis
1949 Authority and the Individual
1951 New Hopes for a Changing World
1954 Human Society in Ethics and Politics
1959 Common Sense and Nuclear Warfare
1963 Political Ideals
1923 The ABC of Atoms
1925 The ABC of Relativity
1931 The Scientific Outlook
1935 In Praise of Idleness and Other Essays
1937 The Amberley Papers
1953 Satan in the Suburbs and Other Stories
1967--9 Autobiography (3 vols)

Mathematicians biographies text content is © (1990), (1991-1998)
AND Reference Data Ltd.,Oxford, UK.

copyright © 1997-2014 Allsites LLC. All rights reserved.
allmath.com, mathbook.com and "virtual mathbook" ® are all service marks of Allsites LLC.
periodic table metric conversion