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Courant, Richard


Mathematician, born in Lublinitz, Germany. He studied at Wrocław, Poland (formerly Breslau, Germany), Zürich, and (as a pupil of David Hilbert) Göttingen universities, where he became professor in 1920, founding the Mathematics Institute in 1929. In 1933 he was forced by the Nazis to retire, and after a year at Cambridge he went to the USA, where he became professor at New York University (1934--58), and director of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences (later the Courant Research Institute) (1953--8). He worked in applied analysis, particularly in partial differential equations and the Dirichlet problem.

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