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# Percent Error Calculator

To use the Percent Error calculator, enter the Approximated and actual values, and hit the calculate button

Table of Contents:

## Percent Error calculator

Percent error calculator is used to calculate the relative error between the actual value and the approximated value found in a measurement.

## What is the percentage error?

Percentage error is a way to express the discrepancy between an observed value and the true or expected value. It is often used to evaluate the precision of a measurement or the correctness of a calculation. Percentage error can be positive or negative, depending on whether the observed value is greater or smaller than the expected value.

## Calculating Percentage Error:

To calculate the percentage error, you can use the following formula:

**Percentage Error = [(|Observed Value - Expected Value|) / |Expected Value|] * 100%**

Here, the absolute value of the difference between the observed and expected values is divided by the absolute value of the expected value. The result is then multiplied by 100% to express the error as a percentage.

## Limitations of Percentage Error:

While percentage error is a useful tool, it has certain limitations. It assumes that the expected value is known with absolute certainty, which may not always be the case. Additionally, percentage error does not provide insights into the specific sources of error or uncertainties in the measurement process.

It is important to consider these limitations when interpreting the results.

## Interpreting Percentage Error:

The magnitude of the percentage error indicates the degree of deviation between the observed and expected values. A higher percentage error suggests a larger discrepancy and lower accuracy or precision. Conversely, a lower percentage error indicates a smaller deviation and higher accuracy or precision.

## Importance of Percentage Error in Measurements:

Percentage error plays a crucial role in assessing the quality and reliability of measurements. It helps researchers and scientists evaluate the precision of their instruments, identify sources of error, and improve experimental techniques.

Additionally, percentage error allows for the comparison of results obtained from different experiments or different measuring instruments.

## Tips to Minimize Percentage Error:

To minimize percentage error in measurements and calculations, consider the following tips:

- Calibrate measuring instruments regularly to ensure accuracy.
- Repeat measurements multiple times and calculate the average to reduce random errors.
- Use appropriate measuring techniques and instruments with high precision.
- Take into account environmental factors that may influence the measurements.
- Employ statistical methods to analyze and minimize systematic errors.

## Examples of Percentage Error in Real-life Scenarios:

Some real-life scenarios are as follows:

- A chemist measures the pH of a solution and obtains a value of 7.2. The expected pH, based on theoretical calculations, is 7.0. The percentage error can be calculated to determine the accuracy of the measurement.
- In engineering, a bridge's load capacity is estimated to be 500 tons. However, after conducting stress tests, it is found that the bridge can withstand a maximum load of 480 tons. The percentage error can be calculated to assess the precision of the estimation.