1. Absolute value
Distance of a number from 0. It is always a positive number.
2. Abundant numbers
Number less than the sum of its proper divisors.
3. Acute angle
Angle less than 90 radians. Lies between 0° and 90°.
4. Acute triangle
Triangle having three acute angles.
A number added to another number.
Process of taking sum of two or more numbers.
7. Addition Property of Equality
The sides remain equal if we add or subtract same number on both sides of equation.
8. Additive inverse
A number added to another number to get zero.
9. Adjacent angles
Angles that do not overlap having common side and common vertex.
Branch of mathematics deals with mathematics symbols.
11. Algebraic equation
An equation attained by equating to zero a sum of a finite number of terms each one of which is a product of positive integral powers.
12. Algebraic expression
A specific arrangement of variables, algebraic operators, and integer constants.
13. Algebraic numbers
A complex number that is a root of a non-zero polynomial in one variable with rational coefficients.
14. Alphametic numbers
A mathematical puzzle where each letter stands for a digit from 0 to 9.
15. Amicable numbers
Two different numbers associated in such a way that the addition of the proper divisors of each is equal to the other number.
A figure formed by two lines having a common endpoint.
17. Angle measure
Measure of the angle formed by the two arms or rays at a mutual vertex.
A portion of the circumference of a circle.
Quantity that indicates the extent of a two-dimensional shape in the plane.
20. Area of a circle
Measurement of a circle. A = πr²
21. Area of a polygon
Amount of region or space occupied by a polygon.
Branch of mathematics involves the study of numbers and traditional operators.
23. Arithmetic expression
An expression that uses addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and exponentiation.
24. Arithmetic mean
Sum of all numerical values divided by total number of terms.
25. Arithmetic operations
Operations containing addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
26. Arrangement numbers
Number of ways that a number of things can be arranged or ordered.
27. Associative Law of Multiplication
Multiplying three or more numbers will not affect the result if grouping is altered.
28. Associative Property
Rearrangement of the parentheses in an expression will not change the output.
29. Automorphic numbers
A natural number in a given number base whose square ends in the same digits as the number itself.
Sum of the numbers divided by how many numbers are being averaged.
1. Bar chart
Presents categorical data with rectangular bars with lengths or heights proportional to the values that they represent.
2. Bar notation
Method of writing digits repeating decimals using bar sign.
Number of letters and combination of digits that a system of counting uses to symbolize numbers.
4. Base 10 system
Decimal number system having 10 digits from 0 to 9.
5. Bayes' Theorem
A mathematical formula for determining conditional probability named after British mathematician Thomas Bayes.
6. Bell curve
A type of continuous probability distribution for a real-valued random variable.
7. Biased sample
The process used to generate the sample results in samples that are methodically dissimilar from the population.
8. Biconditional statement
An arrangement of a conditional statement and its opposite written in if and only if form.
Relating two modes, specifically of a statistical distribution having two maxima.
10. Binary numbers
Numbers expressed in base-2 system involving only 2 digits 0 and 1.
An algebraic expression of the sum or the difference of two terms.
12. Binomial theorem
Algebraic expansion of powers of a binomial.
Dividing a line or segment in two parts.
14. Box-and-whisker graph
A process for graphically representing groups of numerical data through their quartiles.
Symbols used for grouping expressions or equations.
1. Cardinal numbers
A broad view of the natural numbers used to measure the cardinality of sets.
2. Catalan numbers
Numbers that arrange a sequence of natural numbers that exist in several counting problems, frequently containing recursively defined objects.
3. Center of a circle
Point that is at the equal distance from the edges of a circle.
4. Certain event
An event that is sure to happen.
5. Choice numbers
Number of ways that a number of things can be grouped or chosen.
A straight line segment whose endpoints both lie on the circle.
A round shaped figure that has no edges or corners.
8. Circular primes
A prime number with property that the number produced at every intermediate step when cyclically permuting its digits will be prime.
Distance around the outside of the circle.
10. Closed figure
A figure whose start and end points are same.
Depicting a group of data points, numbers or people that are located close together.
A method that defines the number of possible arrangements in a set of items where the order of the selection does not matter.
An amount paid for a service.
14. Commutative Property
Altering the order of the operands does not change the result.
15. Compatible numbers
Numbers that are easy to add, subtract, multiply, or divide mentally.
16. Complement of a set
A set having all elements in universal set except the elements of the set under complement.
17. Complementary angles
Two angles having sum of 90 degrees.
18. Complex fractions
A fraction in which the numerator and denominator or both have fractions.
19. Complex numbers
A number that can be expressed in the form a + bi.
20. Composite numbers
A positive integer that can be formed by multiplying two smaller positive integers.
21. Compound event
An event that has more than one possible results.
22. Compound interest
Interest on interest.
23. Compound statement
A sentence that contains two or more statements separated by logical connectors.
24. Conditional probability
Probability of one event happening with some relationship to one or more other events.
25. Conditional statement
A statement that can be written in the form “If A then B.
A three-dimensional geometric shape having flat base.
27. Congruent figures
Figures identical in shape.
28. Congruent numbers
A positive integer that is the area of a right triangle with three rational number sides.
29. Congruent polygons
Polygons of same size and shape.
A value that doesn’t change.
31. Convenience sample
Involves the sample being drawn from that part of the population that is close to hand.
A system that uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points.
33. Coordinate plane
A Cartesian coordinate system that specifies each point on a plane.
34. Corresponding angles
Angles formed when two parallel lines are crossed by a line.
35. Cross products
A vector c that is perpendicular to both a and b, with a direction given by the right-hand rule and a magnitude equal to the area of the parallelogram that the vectors span.
A three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces or sides with all three meeting at each vertex.
37. Cubic numbers
A number multiplied to itself three times.
38. Cumulative frequency
Total frequency in a frequency distribution.
39. Customary measurement system
A set of measures and weights used for measuring temperature, capacity, length, and weight.
40. Cyclic numbers
An integer in which cyclic permutations of the digits are succeeding integer multiples of the number.
A three-dimensional surface with the surface shaped by the points at a fixed distance from a given line segment, known as the axis.
Collection of words, measurements, numbers, etc.
2. Data set
A collection or grouping of words, measurements, numbers or observations.
A dots that specifies the values in tenths, hundredths, etc.
4. Decimal digits
Digits from 0 to 9.
5. Decimal fraction
A fraction where the denominator is a power of ten.
6. Decimal numbers
Numbers from 0 to 9, having base-10.
7. Decimal point
A dot or point used to separate the whole number part from the fractional part of a number.
8. Decimal system
System that uses a notation in which each number is expressed in base 10 by using numbers from 0 to 9.
9. Deficient number
A number n for which the sum of divisors of ''n'' is less than 2n.
The largest exponent the variable has in a polynomial with one variable.
A measurement of a plane angle in which one full rotation is 360 degrees.
A number occurs below the line in a fraction.
13. Dependent events
Two events are dependent if the result of the first affects the result of the second so that the probability is altered.
A line passed through the center of circle whose endpoints touches the circle.
Result of subtracting one number from another.
16. Digital root
Value acquired by an iterative procedure of summing digits, on each iteration using the outcome from the former iteration to compute a digit sum.
Minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
A deduction from the usual cost of something.
Having no common elements in two sets.
A compound statement formed by joining two statements with the connector OR.
21. Distributive Property of Multiplication
Multiplying two numbers will result in the same thing as breaking up one factor into two addends, multiplying both addends by the other factor, and adding together both products.
A number being divided.
23. Divisibility rule
A way of defining whether a given integer is divisible by a fixed divisor without performing the division.
A process of distribution of numbers or objects.
25. Division Property of Equality
When we divide both sides of an equation by the same non-zero number, the two sides remain equal.
A number used to divide the dividend.
A type of line joining two sides or vertices.
2. Egyptian fractions
Sum of finitely many rational numbers, each of which can be written in the form q1, where q is a positive integer.
Set of all points on a plane whose distance from two fixed points F and G add up to a constant.
4. Empty set
A set having no element.
State of being equal or having same value.
A statement that asserts the equality of two expressions, which are linked by the equals sign "=".
7. Equilateral triangle
A triangle in which all three sides have the same length.
Two quantities or values being same.
9. Equivalent decimals
Decimals having same value.
10. Equivalent fractions
Fractions having same value but numerator and denominator are different.
11. Equivalent ratios
Ratios having same value.
12. Even numbers
Numbers that can be competent divided by 2.
13. Expanded form
A way of writing numbers to see the math value of individual digits.
An approach to investigate objects and its properties.
15. Experimental probability
Probability determined on the basis of the results of an experiment repeated many times.
The number of times a number is multiplied by itself.
A finite combination of signs and symbols that is well-formed according to rules that depend on the context.
1. Factor numbers
Numbers multiply to get another number.
2. Factor tree
A diagram used to determine the prime factors of a natural number greater than one.
3. Factorial numbers
The product of all the integers from 1 to that number.
4. Fibonacci Numbers
Each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1.
5. Fibonacci Sequence
Each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1.
6. Figurate numbers
A number that can be represented by a regular geometrical arrangement of equally spaced points.
Limited to an extent.
8. Finite set
A set that has a limited number of elements.
A class of complex geometric shapes that commonly have fractional dimension.
A number that represents a part of a whole.
11. Fraction bar
A visual illustration of fractions which aids in comparing fractions and carrying out operations with fractions.
12. Frequency table
A table that lists items and expresses the number of times the items occur.
A binary relation between two sets that links every component of the first set to exactly one element of the second set.
14. Fundamental Counting Principle
If there are s ways to do one thing, and r ways to do another thing, then there are s×r ways to do both things.
Branch of mathematics that studies the shapes, angles, positions, sizes, and dimensions of things.
A rectangle with another rectangle cut out of one corner.
3. Goldbach's Conjecture
Every even whole number greater than 2 is the sum of two prime numbers.
4. Golden Ratio
Two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the equivalent as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities (1.618).
5. Golden Rectangle
A rectangle whose side lengths are in the golden ratio.
Visual representation of quantities or expressions on a plane.
7. Greater than
Relationship between two quantities depicting one is greater than other.
Largest number in a set.
9. Greatest common factor (GCF)
Highest number that divides exactly into two or more numbers.
Coordinate plane containing a space of small squares, with an x-axis and y-axis.
11. Grid lines
Lines that cross the chart plot to show axis divisions.
12. Gyrating numbers
Numbers whose digits increase and decrease in a continuous repetitive cycle.
1. Happy numbers
A number which eventually reaches 1 when replaced by the sum of the square of each digit.
2. Harshad number
An integer that is divisible by the sum of its digits when written in the given base.
Measurement from base to top.
A smooth space curve with tangent lines at a constant angle to a fixed axis (i.e., spiral staircase).
A six-sided polygon or 6-gon. Angles totaling to 720 degree.
A graphical display of data using bars of different heights.
7. Horizontal bar
A line used to indicate that the expression is to be considered grouped together.
8. Horizontal scale
Multiplies or dividing every x-coordinate by a constant while leaving the y-coordinate unchanged.
Lengthiest side of a right-angled triangle, the side opposite the right angle.
A proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
1. Identity Property of One
Any number multiplied by 1 stays the same.
2. Identity Property of Zero
Any number added or subtracted to zero stays the same.
3. Imaginary number
Square root of a negative number that does not have a tangible value, multiplied by the imaginary unit i.
4. Impossible event
An event that cannot happen.
5. Improper fraction
A fraction in which the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator.
6. Independent events
An event that has no link to another event's chances of occurring or not occurring.
7. Indirect measurement
A process of using proportions to find an unidentified length or distance in same figures.
Having terms or numbers not equal.
9. Infinite number
A number that is not limited to an extent.
10. Infinite set
A set having unlimited number of objects or numbers.
11. Integer operations
Operations performed on integers such as addition, subtraction, etc.
A number that can be written without a fractional component.
13. Intersecting lines
Lines crossing or bisecting each other at some point.
Act of crossing a line.
A set of real numbers that comprises of all real numbers lying between any two numbers of the set.
16. Inverse operations
An operation that undoes what was done by the previous operation.
17. Irrational number
A real number that cannot be written as a simple fraction.
18. Isosceles triangle
A triangle having two sides of the same length.
1. Jefferson Method
A type of party-list proportional representation, highest averages method for allotting seats.
1. Keith Number
A natural number in a number base with digits such that when a sequence is created, such that the first terms are the digits of and each subsequent term is the sum of the previous terms, is part of the sequence.
A closed non-self-intersecting curve that is implanted in three dimensions and cannot be untied to make a simple loop.
1. Lateral faces
The faces in a prism or pyramid that are not bases.
2. Leading zero
Any 0 digit that comes before the first nonzero digit in a number string in positional notation.
3. Least common denominator (LCD)
Smallest number that can be a common denominator for a set of fractions.
4. Least common multiple (LCM)
Smallest positive number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.
A leg of geometrical shape is one of its sides.
Any arbitrarily chosen and accepted reference standard for measurement.
7. Less than
Relationship between two numbers depicting inequality.
8. Like terms
Terms that have the same powers and variables.
A one- dimensional straight figure that has no thickness and extends infinitely in both directions.
10. Line chart
A chart formed by joining the points given by the data with straight lines.
11. Line graph
A graph formed by linking the points given by the data with straight lines.
12. Line of symmetry
The axis or imaginary line that passes through the center of the object or shape and divides it into equal halves.
13. Line plot
Type of plot which shows information as a series of data points known as markers joined by straight line segments.
14. Line segment
A line that is confined by two separate end points, and holds every point on the line between its endpoints.
15. Logical connector
Combines simple statements into compound statements.
16. Logically equivalent
If two statements or expressions have same truth values for each possible substitution for their variables.
17. Long division
A standard division algorithm appropriate for dividing multi-digit numbers that is simple enough to perform by hand.
18. Lower extreme
The least value in the data set.
19. Lower quartile
Middle number that occurs between the least value of the dataset and the median.
20. Lowest terms
The form of a fraction in which the numerator and denominator have no factor in common except 1.
1. Map scale
The ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground.
Sum of the values divided by the number of values.
3. Measure of central tendency
A single value that attempts to determine a set of data by recognizing the central position within that set of data.
A value splitting the greater half from the lower half of a data sample or a population.
5. Mental arithmetic
Arithmetical calculations using only the human brain, with no help from any devices.
6. Mersenne numbers
A prime number that is one less than a power of two.
7. Metric system
A system of measurement that uses the liter, meter and gram as base units of capacity, weight, and length.
Middle point of a line which is equal from endpoints.
9. Mixed number
A whole number and a proper fraction represented together.
Value that appears most often in a set of data values.
11. Monodigit numbers
A natural number composed of repeated instances of the same digit.
An outcome after multiplying the number by an integer.
13. Multiple-bar graph
A graph used to show relationship between different values of data using bars.
14. Multiple-line graph
A graph used to display relationship between different values of data using lines.
A number that can be divided by another number a certain number of times without a remainder.
Operation of obtaining product of two numbers.
17. Multiplication Property of Equality
Having same equality after multiplying both sides of an equation by same number.
18. Multiply perfect number
A number N is said to be Multiply-perfect numbers if N divides sigma (N), where sigma (N) = sum of all divisors of N.
19. Mutually exclusive
A statistical term illustrating two or more events that cannot happen at the same time.
1. Narcissistic numbers
Numbers that can be expressed by some kind of mathematical manipulation of their digits.
2. Natural numbers
Numbers used for counting and ordering 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,…., .
An operation that takes a proposition to another proposition "not ", written, or.
4. Negative integer
A whole number that has value less than zero.
5. Null set
Set having no value at all.
6. Number line
A straight line with numbers positioned at equal segments or intervals along its length.
7. Number sequences
A list of numbers that are linked by a rule.
8. Number theory
A study of properties of the integers.
A number above the line in a vulgar fraction.
10. Numerical expression
A mathematical sentence involving only numbers and one or more operation signs.
Anything that has been formally defined.
2. Oblong numbers
A number which is the product of two consecutive integers, that is, a number of the form n.
3. Obtuse angle
Angle greater than 90° but less than 180°.
4. Obtuse triangle
Triangle having one obtuse angle.
An eight-sided polygon or 8-gon.
6. Octahedral numbers
A figurate number that shows the number of spheres in an octahedron shaped from close-packed spheres.
7. Odd Numbers
A number that leaves a remainder when divided by 2.
Inverse of each other.
9. Order of operations
A collection of procedures that reflect conventions about which procedures to perform first in order to calculate a given mathematical expression.
10. Ordered pair
A pair of numbers of variables in which the order of the objects is important and is used to differentiate and identify the pair.
11. Ordering fractions
Arranging fraction either from the smallest to the largest or largest to smallest.
12. Ordinal numbers
Number that describes the position of something in a list.
A special point used as a fixed point of reference for the geometry of the surrounding space.
The result of a calculation in an undergoing evaluation.
A data point that varies considerably from other observations.
An estimate that is too high surpassing the actual outcome.
17. Overlapping sets
Two sets having at least one element in common.
1. Palindrome number
A number that remains the unchanged when its digits are reversed.
2. Pandigital number
A pandigital number is an integer that in a given base has among its significant digits each digit used in the base at least once.
3. Parallel lines
Two lines in a plane that do not intersect each other.
A quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides.
5. Parasite numbers
Numbers that keeps the exact same digits when divided or multiplied by another number.
Brackets used to specify order of evaluation.
7. Partial products
Multiplying each digit of a number in turn with each digit of another where each digit keeps its position.
8. Pascal's Triangle
A triangular array created by summing adjacent elements in preceding rows.
Five-sided polygon having sum of internal angles of 540 degree.
10. Pentatope numbers
A number in the fifth cell of any row of Pascal's triangle starting with the 5-term row 1 4 6 4 1 either from left to right or from right to left.
A ratio or number that represents a fraction of 100.
12. Percent change
Change in a percentage from start to end.
13. Percent decrease
A measure of percent change which is the extent to which something drops value.
14. Percent increase
A measure of percent change which is the extent to which something gains value.
15. Percent symbol
Symbol used to indicate a percentage “%”.
A number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100.
17. Perfect numbers
A positive integer that is equal to the sum of its positive divisors, except the number itself.
Distance around a two-dimensional space.
Length from one peak to next in a periodic function.
20. Periodic numbers
Numbers that can be expressed as an integral of an algebraic function over an algebraic domain.
21. Permutable prime
A number that remains prime on every reordering of the digits.
22. Perpendicular lines
Two lines that meet or intersect each other at right angles 90°.
23. Persistent numbers
The sequential product of whose digits, ultimately produces a single digit number.
Mathematical constant with a value of 3.14159.
25. Pi Day
Annual celebration of the constant Pi celebrated on March 14 every year.
26. Pie chart
A circular statistical graphic, which is divided into portions to demonstrate numerical proportion.
27. Place value
Value of each digit in a number.
A two-dimensional flat surface that spreads infinitely far.
29. Plane figure
A geometric figure that has no thickness and lies completely in one plane.
Element of space with no width, length or size.
31. Point of rotation
A central point around which a figure is rotated.
Closed curve involving a set of line segments linked in a way that no two segments cross.
33. Polygonal numbers
A number represented as pebbles or dots organized in the shape of a regular polygon.
A three-dimensional shape with sharp corners or vertices, straight edges, and flat polygonal faces.
Number greater than zero.
36. Positive integers
Natural numbers used for counting 1, 2, 3, 4…,.
Demonstrates how many times to use the number in a multiplication.
Number of digits used to perform a given computation.
39. Prime factorization
Breaking a number down into the set of prime numbers which multiply together to outcome in the original number.
40. Prime number
Number that is divisible only by itself and 1.
The total amount of money loaned out or invested, not involving any dividends or interest.
A polyhedron comprising an n-sided polygonal base, a second base which is a translated copy of the first, and n other faces joining corresponding sides of the two bases.
Branch of mathematics regarding numerical descriptions of how likely an event is to happen, or how likely it is that a proposition is correct.
44. Probability theory
Branch of mathematics concerned with probability.
Process of multiplying two or more numbers.
46. Product perfect numbers
Product of all divisors of the number, other than itself, is equal to the number.
47. Pronic numbers
A number which is the product of two consecutive integers, that is, a number of the form n(n + 1).
48. Proper fraction
A fraction where the numerator is less than the denominator.
49. Proper subset
Subset of A that is not equal to A.
A number in comparative relationship with a whole.
A measuring instruments for measuring angles.
A polyhedron formed by connecting a polygonal base and a point, called the apex.
53. Pyramidal numbers
A figurate number that represents a pyramid with a polygonal base and a given number of triangular sides.
54. Pythagorean Theorem
Area of the square with hypotenuse side is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares on the other two sides.
The axes of a two-dimensional Cartesian system divide the plane into four infinite regions.
2. Quadratic equations
Equation that can be reordered in standard form as where x represents an unknown, and a, b, and c represent known numbers.
3. Quadratic formula
Formula that provides the solution to a quadratic equation.
A two-dimensional closed shape which has four straight sides.
5. Quasi perfect numbers
A natural number n for which the sum of all its divisors is equal to 2n + 1.
A number or quantity produced by the division of two numbers.
A straight line from the center to the circumference of a sphere or circle.
Plural of radius.
3. Random number
A number selected as if by chance from some specified distribution such that selection of a large set of these numbers regenerates the underlying distribution.
4. Random sample
A sample that is chosen randomly from a larger data set.
Difference between the greatest and lowest values.
Ratio between two related quantities in different units.
The quantifiable relation between two numbers or quantities expressing the number of times one value includes or is contained within the other.
8. Rational number
A number that can be expressed as fraction or quotient of two integers.
A part of line that has fixed starting point but no ending point.
10. Real numbers
Number that can have both rational and irrational numbers.
11. Reasonable estimate
An estimate that does not exceeds the original answer of the calculation.
Multiplicative inverse of a number.
A quadrilateral having parallel sides equal to each other and four right angles.
14. Rectangular numbers
Numbers that can be arranged to shape a rectangle.
15. Rectangular prism
A 3-dimensional solid object having six faces that are rectangles.
16. Regular hexagon
A hexagon that is both equilateral and equiangular.
17. Regular pentagon
Pentagon having five sides whose interior angles are 108 degree.
18. Regular polygon
A polygon having all angles equal in measure and all sides of same length.
19. Relatively prime numbers
If there is no integer greater than 1 that divides two numbers, then they are relatively prime numbers.
Number of amount left after a division.
21. Repeating decimal
Decimal illustration of a number whose digits are repeating its values at regular intervals and the infinitely repeated portion is not zero.
22. Repunit numbers
Number that includes repeated number of digit 1 and only included 1.
A quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length.
24. Right angle
Angle of 90°.
25. Right triangle
Triangle having one right angle.
26. Roman Numerals
A number system developed in ancient Rome where letters such as X, I, V, L represent numbers.
27. Roster notation
A simple mathematical illustration of a set in mathematical form.
28. Rotation (turn)
A transformation in geometry in which an object is rotated about a fixed point called a point of rotation.
29. Rotational symmetry
Property of a shape which make it looks the same after some rotation by a partial turn.
Shaped like a circle or cylinder.
1. Sale price
Price that has been set after adding some profit to the cost.
2. Sales tax
A tax paid to government for selling product or services to people.
A set of objects chosen or collected from a statistical population by a defined procedure.
4. Sample space
A set of possible outcomes of a random experiment.
Represents the relationship between measurement on the actual object and a measurement on a model.
6. Scale drawing
A drawing which has been enlarged or reduced from its original size, to a specified scale.
7. Scalene triangle
A triangle in which all three sides have dissimilar lengths and all three angles have different measures.
A type of data representation that displays the relationship between two numerical variables.
9. Scientific notation
A way of writing very large or very small numbers.
Portion of a disk surrounded by an arc and two radii, where the larger being the major sector and the smaller area is known as the minor sector.
Object approximately or exactly similar to a part of itself.
12. Semiperfect numbers
A natural number that is equal to the sum of all or some of its proper divisors.
A sequence is a counted collection of objects in which recurrences are permissible and order matters.
A collection of objects or elements.
15. Set equality
Elements or members of two sets are same.
16. Set notation
Used for describing a set by numbering its elements, or declaring the properties that its members must fulfil.
17. Set theory
Branch of mathematical logic that studies sets, which informally are collections of objects.
18. Set-builder notation
Mathematical notation for determining a set by numbering its elements, or declaring the properties that its members must fulfil.
19. Sieve of Eratosthenes
Algorithm to find any prime numbers to a given extent.
20. Similar figures
Figures having congruent corresponding angles and equal side length.
A method to model random events, so that simulated results closely match real-world results.
22. Sociable numbers
Numbers whose exact divisor sums form a cyclic sequence that starts and ends with the same number.
23. Solid figure
Three-dimensional objects having height, width, and length.
A regular quadrilateral having four equal angles and four equal sides.
25. Square numbers
Number produced by multiplying to itself.
26. Square root
A value when multiplied to itself gives the original number.
27. Squarefull number
A number that has at least a square in its prime factorization.
28. Standard form
Method of representing numbers that are too small or too large.
29. Stem-and-leaf plot
Table for displaying measureable data in a graphical format, like a histogram, to assist in visualizing the shape of a distribution.
30. Straight angle
An angle equal to 180 degree.
31. Straight commission
Commission only earned by making sales.
A set is subset of other set of it has all elements of that set.
Arithmetic operation that characterizes the operation of eliminating objects from a collection.
34. Subtraction Property of Equality
Equation will be the same if a number is subtracted from both sides of the equation.
Adding two or more numbers or variables.
36. Superabundant numbers
A natural number n where for all m < n where σ denotes the sum-of-divisors function.
37. Supplementary angles
Angles whose sum is equal to 180 degree.
38. Surface area
A measure of the total area that the surface of the object occupies.
A list of questions intended at mining specific data from a specific group of people.
40. Symbolic Form
Sentence expressed in symbolic form uses logical connectors and symbols to represent the sentence logically.
41. Symbolic logic
Use of symbols to represent relations terms, and propositions in order to assist reasoning.
42. Systematic sample
Statistical approach having the selection of elements from an ordered sampling frame.
Lists of numbers presenting the outcomes of a calculation with changing arguments.
2. Tag Numbers
Other names for numbers that are in our everyday use.
3. Tally table
Table with tally signs to represent a valuable data set.
A statement or formula that is true in every possible explanation.
5. Taxicab numbers
The smallest integer that can be presented as a sum of two positive integer cubes in n distinct ways.
6. Terminating decimal
A decimal number that have finite number of digits after the decimal point.
Values on which the mathematical operations occur in an expression.
A pattern of shapes that fit perfectly together leaving no gaps on the surface.
9. Tetrahedral numbers
A figurate number that symbolizes a pyramid with three sides and a triangular base.
10. Theoretical probability
Probability that is determined on the basis of reasoning.
Object that can be measured in three dimensions such as height, width, and length.
12. Transcendental Numbers
A number that is not algebraic and not the root of a non-zero polynomial with rational coefficients.
A function f that maps a set X to itself.
14. Translation (slide)
A motion in geometry in which an object is moved along a straight line without turning or changing the shape or size.
A convex quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides.
16. Trapezoidal numbers
A positive integer that can be expressed as the sum of two or more successive positive integers.
17. Tree diagram
Diagram used to represent a probability space.
A pattern in a set of results displayed in a graph.
A polygon with three vertices and edges.
20. Triangular numbers
Numbers used to describe the pattern of dots that form larger and larger triangles.
21. Triple prime numbers
Three successive primes, such that the first and the last differ by six.
22. Truth table
Table that shows the truth-value of one or more compound propositions for every possible combination of truth-values of the propositions making up the compound ones.
23. Twin prime numbers
A prime number that is either 2 more or 2 less than another prime number.
1. Unbiased sample
A sample is an unbiased sample if every element or individual in the population has an equal chance of being chosen.
An estimate that is less than the original outcome to a calculation.
Collection of all elements of two or more sets.
4. Unit fraction numbers
A rational number expressed as a fraction where the numerator is one and the denominator is a positive integer.
5. Unit rate
A rate with 1 in the denominator.
6. Universal set
A set which has elements of all the associated sets without any repetition of elements.
7. Unlike fractions
Fractions that don’t have same denominators.
8. Upper extreme
Greatest value in the data set.
9. Upper quartile
Number dividing the 3rd and 4th quartile.
Symbol used to depict varying quantities or expressions.
2. Venn diagram
A drawing or demonstration that uses circles to represent the relationships among things or finite groups of things.
A point or corner where lines meet.
4. Vertical angles
The angles opposite each other when two lines cross.
5. Vertical bar
A mathematical symbol used for various purposes such as to depict absolute value, determinant, or as an OR operator etc.
6. Vertical scale
Multiplies or divides each y-coordinate by a constant but leaving the x-coordinate unaffected.
Quantity of three-dimensional space surrounded by a closed surface.
Measure of how heavy an object is.
2. Whole numbers
A number that can be expressed without a fractional component.
The measurement of the distance of a side of an object.
4. Word form
Method to write the numbers in descriptive form.
5. Word problem
Mathematical exercise where important contextual information on the problem is expressed in everyday language instead of mathematical notation.
The line on a graph that runs from left to right (horizontally) through zero.
X value in an ordered pair such as numbers paired together, are just two mathematical objects.
The line on a graph that runs from top to bottom (vertically) through zero.
Y value in an ordered pair such as numbers paired together, are just two mathematical objects.
A number in mathematics denoted by the symbol 0, used to show that no object is present.