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For using the horsepower calculator, enter the torque, enter the value of speed, and click Calculate
Horse power calculator
Find the power output in horsepower using this calculator.
What is Horsepower?
"Horsepower" (hp) is a unit of power used in the English-speaking world. It was first coined by the engineer James Watt in the late 18th century to compare the output of steam engines with the power of draft horses, which were common in England at the time.
One horsepower is the ability to do 550 foot-pounds of work per second or, equivalently, 746 watts. Mathematically, it can be expressed as:
1hp = 746W
1hp = 550 ft⋅lbf/s
- W stands for watts, which is the SI unit of power.
- ft stands for feet.
- lbf stands for pound-force.
- s stands for seconds.
Horsepower is widely used to describe the maximum power output of engines in automobiles, airplanes, and various machinery. Different contexts might use slightly different variations of horsepower like "metric horsepower" or "electrical horsepower," which have their own definitions and conversion factors, albeit quite similar to the original definition by Watt.
In modern times, watts are becoming the more universal unit for power measurement across different domains and regions due to the global adoption of the metric system. Nonetheless, horsepower remains a prevalent unit in certain industries and regions.
Formula for Horsepower:
When dealing with rotating machines like engines, horsepower (HP) can be calculated using torque (T) and speed (N) with the following formula:
HP = T×N/5252
- T is the torque in pound-feet (lb-ft).
- N is the speed in revolutions per minute (RPM).
The denominator "5252" is a constant derived from the conversion between foot pounds, minutes, and horsepower.
How to calculate Horsepower?
Imagine an engine operating at 3000 revolutions per minute (RPM) and generating a torque of 200 pound-feet (lb-ft). We want to find out how much horsepower the engine is producing.
Speed(N) = 3000RPM
Torque(T) = 200lb-ft
Plug the given values into the formula:
HP = 200lb-ft×3000RPM/5252
HP = 600000lb-ft⋅RPM/5252
HP ≈ 114.2
The engine produces approximately 114.2 horsepower.
Applications of Horsepower:
Here’s how it is applied in some sectors:
- Automobile Industry
- Engine Output: Horsepower is a critical specification in vehicles, indicating the power produced by the engine.
- Performance Analysis: Engineers and designers analyze horsepower to optimize vehicle performance, including acceleration and towing capacity.
- Machinery and Manufacturing
- Motor Ratings: Industrial motors are often rated in horsepower to denote their capacity and suitability for different tasks.
- Machinery Design: Engineers consider the horsepower requirement of machinery to design efficient manufacturing processes.
- Marine Industry
- Propulsion Systems: Ship and boat engines are rated in horsepower to specify the power of their propulsion systems.
- Performance: It helps to gauge the performance and efficiency of different marine vessels.