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Shell Method Calculator

To find the volume, Enter the function, select the variable, enter the limit values, and click calculate button using shell method calculator

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Shell Method Calculator 

Shells method calculator is used to find the volume and surface area of the given function. This shell calculator solves the definite integral of the function by applying the upper and lower limit values of the function. 

It provides the solution with steps of the given function.

What is the shell method?

In mathematics, the shell method is a technique of determining volumes by decomposing a solid of revolution into cylindrical shells. It is the alternate way of the wisher method. The volume of the cylinder is usually equal to the πr2h.

shell

Formulas of shell method

There are different kinds of formulas for the shell method depending on the axis of curves. 

  1. About y-axis

Revolving the area under the curve of f(x).

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)x f(x) dx

  1. About x-axis

Revolving the area under the curve of f(y).

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)y f(y) dy

  1. Between two curves about the y-axis

Revolving the area between two curves f(x) and g(x)

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)x[f(x) – g(x)] dx

  1. Between two curves about the x-axis

Revolving the area between two curves f(y) and g(y)

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)y[f(y) – g(y)] dy

  1. Between two curves about x = h

Revolving the area between two curves f(x) and g(x)

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)(x – h) [f(x) – g(x)] dx

  1. Between two curves about y = k

Revolving the area between two curves f(y) and g(y)

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)(y – k) [f(y) – g(y)] dy

The above six formulas are used to solve the problems of the shell method in different scenarios.

 How to calculate the shell method?

Below are a few solved examples of the shell method.

Example 1:

Calculate the shell method about the y-axis if f(x) = 6x2 + 4 and the interval is {2, 3}.

Solution 

Step 1: Take the given information.

f(x) = 6x2 + 4

Lower limit = a = 2

Upper limit = b = 3

Step 2: Take the formula of the shell method about the y-axis.

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)x f(x) dx

Step 3: Substitute the given value in the formula.

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _2^3\:\)x [6x2 + 4] dx

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _2^3\:\)[6x3 + 4x] dx

Step 4: Calculate the integral of the above expression.

  = 2π [\(\int _2^3\:\)[6x3] dx + \(\int _2^3\:\)[4x] dx]

  = 2π [[6x3+1/ 3 + 1]32 + [4x1+1/1 + 1]32]

  = 2π [[6x4/4]32+ [4x2/2]32]

  = 2π [3/2[x4]32 + 2[x2]32]

Apply limits by using the fundamental theorem of calculus.

  = 2π [3/2[34 – 24] + 2[32 – 22]]

  = 2π [3/2[81 – 16] + 2[9 – 4]]

  = 2π [3/2[65] + 2[5]]

  = 2π [195/2 + 10]

  = 2π [97.5 + 10]

  = 2π [107.5]

  = 215π

Step 5: Now substitute the value of π = 3.14

Volume = V = 215 π

Volume = V = 215(3.14)

Volume = V = 675.1

Example 2:

Calculate the shell method about the x-axis if f(y) = 2y + 6 and the interval is {2, 3}.

Solution 

Step 1: Take the given information.

f(y) = 2y + 6

Lower limit = a = 2

Upper limit = b = 3

Step 2: Take the formula of the shell method about the x-axis.

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _a^b\:\)y f(y) dy

Step 3: Substitute the given value in the formula.

Volume = V = 2π \(\int _2^3\:\)y [2y + 6] dy

Volume = V = 2π\(\int _2^3\:\)[2y2 + 6y] dy

Step 4: Calculate the integral of the above expression.

  = 2π [ \(\int _2^3\:\)[2y2] dy +\(\int _2^3\:\)[6y] dy]

  = 2π [[2y2+1/ 2 + 1]32 + [6y1+1/1 + 1]32]

  = 2π [[2y3/3]32 + [6y2/2]32]

  = 2π [2/3[y3]32 + 3[y2]32]

Apply limits by using the fundamental theorem of calculus.

  = 2π [2/3[33 – 23] + 3[32 – 22]]

  = 2π [2/3[27 – 8] + 3[9 – 4]]

  = 2π [2/3[19] + 3[5]]

  = 2π [38/3 + 15]

  = 2π [12.67 + 15]

  = 2π [27.67]

  = 55.34π

Step 5: Now substitute the value of π = 3.14

Volume = V = 55.34 π

Volume = V = 55.34(3.14)

Volume = V = 173.7676

Reference

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